Juan Mateos (Villanueva del Fresno
Juan Mateos (courtier).
Juan Mateos Cover of Origen y dignidad de la caça with a portrait of Mateos by Pedro Perete, Madrid, 1634, National Library of Spain.
Born1575 (1575 ) Villanueva del Fresno DiedAugust 15
1643(1643-08-15) (aged 68)Madrid NationalityKingdom of SpainNotable work Origen y dignidad de la caçaSpouse(s) María MarquartParent(s)Gonzalo Mateos (father).
Juan Mateos (Villanueva del Fresno, c.
1575 – 15 August 1643, Madrid), was a horseback hunter and the principal arbalist of Philip IV of Spain.
He authored Origen y dignidad de la caça (Origin and Dignity of Hunting)
a hunting treatise dedicated to the Count-Duke of Olivares.
In his dedication he said, “I write solely what I have done, and what I have seen; and what I have seen.
Do.” (Spanish: yo eſcrivo ſolamente lo que he hecho
y lo que he viſto; y lo que he viſto hazer.) Background edit.
He was the son of Gonzalo Mateos
senior arbalist to the Marquis of Villanueva del Fresno from 1601 to 1606, i.e., while the Spanish Royal Court was in Valladolid [es] .:978 Mateos entered the service of Margaret of Austria as a crossbowman and hunter.
Upon her death in 1611, he entered the service of her husband, Philip III, and later the service of their son Philip IV.
Mateos’ likeness is known through a bust portrait engraved by Pedro Perete that appears on the front of Origen y dignidad de la caça, one of whose illustrations is signed by painter Francisco Collantes.:166 Based on that engraving, art historian Carl Justi identified Mateos as the model of an unfinished portrait of a gentleman cut below the waist painted by Velázquez around 1632 (Don Juan Mateos, in the Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister),:356 and, in the opinion of Enriqueta Harris, Mateos is one of the character s depicted with the Count-Duke of Olivares and Alonso Martínez de Espinar in Prince Baltasar Carlos in the Riding School.:364 He died in Madrid on 15 August 1643.
Among the properties inventoried at his death were two full-length oil portraits, one of his wife María and the other of him, probably the Don Juan Mateos, though the name of the painter is not indicated; these were valued at 100 reales. edit.
^ “Origen y dignidad de la caça, “Al Exmo.
Señor Conde Dvqve” ” (in Spanish) – via Biblioteca Nacional de España
^ Peris Barrio, Alejandro (2009).
Los Mateos: una familia de grandes cazadores reales
Revista de Estudios Extremeños (in Spanish)
^ Gallego, Antonio (1999).
Historia del grabado en España (in Spanish)
^ López Rey, José (2014).
Obra completa (in Spanish).
^ Barrio Moya, José Luis (1998).
Aportaciones a la biografía de Juan Mateos
ballestero mayor de Felipe IV, retratado por Velázquez.
Coloquios Históricos de Extremadura (in Spanish)
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17th-century Spanish writers.
History of hunting.
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